Giacomo Tazzini was
the engineer and inspector architect of the royal palaces who
collaborate on the project.The result of their work was a park evidently
inspired with the greatly widespread Romantic taste.
The park was
designed as an uninterrupted succession of charming views, embellished
by small buildings of different styles, as well as some farmhouses, a
large part of them still existing, where agricultural industry and
cattle-breeding were carried out.
We must not
forget that the largest part of the area of the Park was designated for
hunting,for which there were some lodges for the staff emloyed for
hunting, responsible for the livestick and for the breeding of the
animals to be used for the restoking.
|Inside the park
some old cascine (farmhouses) were demolished and some new ones were
built, such as the Cascina
Frutteto, the Cascina San Fedele, built on a
small rising in the Neo-Gothic style,and the Cascina Fontana.
Giacomo Tazzini designed the readaptations and the extensions, made
between 1824 and 1848,of the mulini (mills):the Mulini of San
Giorgio,the Mulini Asciutti
and the Mulino del
Cantone,with the annexed
ancient tower.The two important historical mansions incorporated in the
area of the Park, the villa Mirabello (second half of the 17th
century) and the villa Mirabellino,built about a century later, have
been kept in their original external features.
The Frutteto farmestead
The Park was
designed as park and countryside at the same time, as a large-scale
enterprise, where agriculture plant and tree growing as well as hunting
could be carried out. To pursue these aims the land was completely
rearranged into geometrically partitioned fields,with rows of trees
crossing at right angles, with a road network which connected the
principal centres for the rural activites inside the Park and the
centres themselves with the outside.
it is almost impossible to find the nineteenth-century image of the
Park.So many very distressing events took place during that century,
that invilved the Park and its running. On the one side,the
understandable abandonment of some structures linked to customs and
traditions of very remote times, on the other the construction of plants
and equipments, which have very little or nothing to do with the Park
and its story, have definitely changed the aspect of this green space
beloved both by Monza a Milan.
|| Today the Park in Monza has, above all, a
free time and sports value. That is why numerous sport facilities have
been built, such as the riding ground (the ex-racecourse of Mirabello
has been abandoned for a long time and will be definitely knoked down),
polo grounds and golf courses from 9 to 18 holes, tennis courts and a
swimming-pool. The most important sport facility (and the one which has
the greater impact on the environment) is the motor-racing
which a whole chapter of this book will be dedicated.