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The architect Giuseppe Piermarini 

The architect Giuseppe Piermarini, who designed and planned the Villa Reale, was born Foligno in 1734 and, from his youth, showed strong interests for mechanics, mathematics and physics. These interests were soon surpassed by love of architecture, when he went to rome, where he studies and drew the ancient monuments of that city. After his apprenticeship with the architects P. Posi and C. Murena, he became assistan of Luigi Vanvitelli, with whom he cooperated to the construction of the royal palace in Caserta. He came to Milan for the first time in 1796, following the architect Vanvitelli who was commissioned by the Austro-Hungarian government to restore Palazzo Ducale, That Vanvitelli passed on to his assistant. The professional experience deriving from that particular work brought to his nomination (in 1770) a "imperial regio architetto" ( imperial royal architect), as well as general inspector for all factories in the whole of Lombardy, and also to obtain an academic oppoinment which allowed him to attend more progressive scientific and cultural settings. When Piermarini is asked to draw the project for the "country mansion" in Monza, he is already a successful and respected architect, well deserving the archduke and the empress's trust, remarkable customers by whom, however he was not influenced in his choices. 

The Villa reale in Monza, which Paolo Mezzanotte described as Piermarini's masterpiece, contains all those features particular to the great architect from Foligno: the characteristic Enlightened rationalism (which someone, in the past, found too cold), the recollection to the forms of the Milanese architecture of the 16th and 17th centuries, the essentiality of lines and volumes, the refusal of any excess in the decorative forms including the stylistic features of the Neoclassicism. If all the above qualities set Piermarini aside from the Neoclassicism, on the other hand they certainly made him the most important figure of the Lombard architecture of the 18th century. The features of this architectural school were so important that they continued to be studied durig the first half of the following century by such skilful architects  as Leopold Pollack, Carlo Amati and Luigi Canonica. 
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Architect  G. Piermarini

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